Legal constraints on the use of information - Shawon Notes

ICT > Impact of ICT


Legal constraints on the use of information

Legal issues about what you may do with personal data

Fortunately, for the IGCSE ICT course, the directive can be reduced to 8 principles. Briefly, these are:

  1. A person must be told when their data is collected.
  2. Data must only be used for the purpose given when it was collected.
  3. Data must not be disclosed without the consent of the person concerned.
  4. Data must be kept secure.
  5. A person whose data is being collected must be told who is collecting it.
  6. A person must be allowed to access their data and make corrections if it is not accurate
  7. Data must not be transferred to another country that has weaker data protection laws
  8. There must be a method by which people can check that data holders are complying with the principles.

Legal issues when obtaining information

Rules while downloading content from internet:

  1. The Internet is international. What may be legal to upload and download in one country, may be breaching copyright or some other law if it is downloaded in another country.
  2. Licences and permissions come in many forms. What may be free to download for e.g. a student in full time education, may need to be paid for by anyone else.
  3. Different types of download may be covered by different laws. Most material has to comply with copyright law, but an item such as a computer programme, or part of one, may be protected by a patent as well.