English Language Grammar: Quantity - 8 August 2014 - Blog - Shawon Notes
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English Language Grammar: Quantity
  1. > The number of boys are 50.
    > The number of boys is 50.

    > The quality of the mangoes is good.

    Verb must agree with its subject according to its person number and tense.
  2. > The United States of America are a prosperous country.
    > The United States of America is a prosperous country.

    > Gulliver Travels is an interesting book.

    If a name or something is used as singular, then it should be treated as singular.
  3. Juries, the Committee, Unit etc. are collective nouns and they are treated singularly. If they are used as noun of multitude, we have to treat it as plural.

    > The committee was divided in its opinion. 
    > The committee were divided in their opinion. 

    > The Jury was united in their decisions. 
    > The Jury was united in its decisions. 
  4. When two or more nouns are added by ‘and’ but gives an identity, the verb takes singular form.

    > Bread and butter are my favourite. 
    > Bread and butter is my favourite. 

    But if they meant different people or things, those will be plural.

    > The disappointment and anger of the magistrate were great. 
  5. When plural nouns gives a unique idea or used as unit, we use it as singular.

    > 50 miles are a great distance. 
    > 50 miles is a great distance. 
  6. Either…..or; neither…..nor & in these type of constructions, the verb will agree with the last subject.

    > Neither I nor my brothers are guilty. 
  7. If none, either, neither shows or indicates a single person, we use singular verb.

    > Either of them has done it.  
  8. Each and every will always be treated as singular identity.

    > Every boy and every girl is intelligent.

    > Every boy and every man was given his seat.
     
  9. Much, more, little or less might be used as part of a whole. They will be used as single identity.

    > More than a decade has elapsed.
     
  10. We use singular verb after ‘many a’ but plural after ‘a many’.

    > Many a student are present.
     
  11. Some nouns are apparently singular but in many those are plural but we use plural with them.

    > People in our country are hard working. 

    > The children is playing in the ground. 
    > The children are playing in the ground. 
  12. Some nouns are used as plural in some certain field.

    > I like vegetable. 
    > I like vegetables. 

13.If two adjectives are added with a noun to show different quality of the same, the noun will be treated as plural.

> I have read the 1st and 2nd chapter of the book. 
> I have read the 1st and 2nd chapters of the book. 

14.Inferior, Superior, Senior etc are lacking comparative. With them we use ‘to’ and ‘them’, not I’.

> He is superior than I. 
> He is superior to me. 

15.Adverb usually seats after the intransitive verb.

> Last night I killed a snake.
 

16.We must use ‘one’ as indefinite pronoun everywhere.

> One should not give wealth to anybody before his/her death. 
> One should not give one’s wealth to anybody before one’s death. 

17.We use ‘as’ or ‘that’ after ‘same’.

> This is the same book which I’ve lost. 
> This is the same book that I lost. 

 

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Category: Language | Added by: Shawon
Views: 500 | Tags: common errors, plural, Language, quantity, Rules, English, Grammar, singular

 

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